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Themes in the Quran Series
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Ihsaan (goodness)

"Is there any reward for Ihsaan other than Ihsaan" [55:60]

Whoever submits himself to God and is a Muhsin (one who is
good) then his reward is with his Lord, on such shall be no fear,  
nor shall they grieve [
2:112]

IHSAAN is a basic theme in the Quran. It relates to those human qualities and
behavior, which are related to goodness and desired by God. A person who
practices Ihsaan is called a
Muhsin and its plural is Muhseneen. We can judge
the importance of Ihsaan by the fact that God has expressed love for
Muhseneen in the Quran, greater than any other human quality[i]. (
read about
Qualities God loves)

Literal Meaning
In Arabic Ihsaan has a wide meaning. Its root word is H-S-N, which includes[ii]:


Qualities associated with Ihsaan in the Quran

Following qualities are associated with Ihsaan in the Quran [iii]:


Reward for practicing Ihsaan

There are many rewards promised for those who are Mushin[iv]. A Mushin:


Relevance to us
An environment free from fear, prejudice and favoritism is impossible without
Ihsan. We need forgiveness, generosity, struggle, humbleness and sense of
righteousness for promoting this environment. For this we need to change
ourselves As God said:

"God does not change a people's lot unless they change what is in their
hearts" [13/11]


Conclusion

Ihsaan is the most desirable quality in a Muslim. To be a Mushin, a person
must practice acts of goodness towards humankind, be humble, fear God and
strive against evil in the way of God. Such a person is promised an immense
reward from God.

Notes & References

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[i] In five verses of Quran God has expressed love for Muhseneen 2/195,
3/134, 3/148, 5/13, 5/93

[ii] Hans Wehr dictionary of Modern Arabic

[iii]
Forgiveness
5:13 … and forgive them and overlook. Verily, God loves Al-Muhsineen
3:134 Those who spend (freely), whether in prosperity, or in adversity; who
restrain anger, and pardon (all) men;- for Allah loves Al-Muhsineen;-

Spending wealth for Charitable causes
2:195 And spend of your substance in the cause of Allah, and make not your
own hands contribute to (your) destruction; but do good; for Allah loveth those
who are Muhseneen
3:134 Those who spend (freely), whether in prosperity, or in adversity; who
restrain anger, and pardon (all) men;- for Allah loves those who do good;-

Those who strive in the God’s cause
29:69 And those who strive in Our (cause),- We will certainly guide them to
our Paths: For verily Allah is with Al-Muhseneen.
9:120 That is because they suffer neither thirst nor fatigue, nor hunger in the
cause of God, nor they take any step to raise the anger of disbelievers nor
inflict any injury upon an enemy but is written to their credit as a deed of
righteousness. Surely, God wastes not the reward of the Al-Muhsineen

Generosity
2:236 There is no blame on you if ye divorce women before consummation or
the fixation of their dower; but bestow on them (A suitable gift), the wealthy
according to his means, and the poor according to his means;- A gift of a
reasonable amount is due from those who wish to be Muhsineen.

Humility and Sincerity
2:58 And remember We said: "Enter this town, and eat of the plenty therein as
ye wish; but enter the gate with humility, in posture and in words, and We
shall forgive you your faults and increase (the portion of) those who are Al-
Muhseneen."
9:91 There is no blame on those who are weak or ill or who find no resources
to spend, if they are sincere and true to God and His Messenger. No ground
can there be against the Muhsineen. And god is oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
5:82-85 …. You will find the nearest to the believers those who say: “We are
Christians…they are not proud….their eyes flowing with tears….God
rewarded them Gardens under which rivers flow, they will abide therein
forever. Such is the reward of Al-Muhseneen.
7:56 Do no mischief on the earth, after it hath been set in order, but call on
Him with fear and longing (in your hearts): for the Mercy of Allah is (always)
near to those are Muhseneen.

Righteousness and Patience
12:90 They said: "Art thou indeed Joseph?" He said, "I am Joseph, and this is
my brother: Allah has indeed been gracious to us (all): behold, he that is
righteous and patient,- never will Allah suffer the reward to be lost, of those
who are Muhseneen."

Performing As-Salat
11:114-15 And perform As-Salat at the two ends of the day and in some hours
of the night. Verily, the good deeds remove the evil deeds. That is a reminder
for the mindful and be patient; verily, god loses not the reward of the
AlMuhseneen.

[iv]
2/112 Nay,-whoever submits His whole self to Allah and is a Muhsin,- He will
get his reward with his Lord; on such shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.
4/125 And who can be better in deen than one who submits his face to God;
and he is a Muhsin. And follows the deen of Ibrahim Hanifa. And God did take
Ibrahim as a Khalil – friend.
31/22 Whoever submits his whole self to Allah, and is a Mushin, has grasped
indeed the most trustworthy hand-hold: and with Allah rests the End and
Decision of (all) affairs.

Disclaimer: Some interpretations of the Quran seek esoteric meanings for the
concept of 'Ihsaan' which is not the purpose of this article. Esoteric means
hidden or deeper knowledge or teachings that are possessed or understood
only by a few.
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